Updated Oct/Nov 2021 for the 2021-2022 winter season.
Our best piece of ski touring equipment advice is a simple one: when it comes to ski touring kit, it’s worth remembering the old adage that every extra kilo on your back knocks 10% off your enjoyment of the descents. Getting hold of the best and lightest kit available is generally always worth it. Here is our take on the seasons best new kit.
If you need advice on choosing the ideal ski, boot and binding combo for you needs – take a look at our choosing a backcountry ski setup advice article.
Below we highlight features to look for and a number of recommended products for most main items of kit – with a big thanks to the staff at Backcountry UK, our thoroughly recommended Ski Touring Equipment retailer, for helping me keep this article up to date each season.
In our opinion, the best easy-to-use unit for Brits who ski a few times a year on holiday, is the Mammut Barryvox Avalanche Transceiver. Likewise, in our opinion, the Mammut Barryvox S is the best top end unit around for more experienced users and professionals. Both of these units offer a 60m search width, which is a three times improvement on older generation models – ie this is a really big deal. We’ve been using both of these Mammut units on our chamonix ski touring courses and have been very happy with their performance and usability.
All modern transceivers now use the latest 3 antenna digital technology – the more advanced models use additional technologies, which allow for extra features and may also speed up search times. It must be stressed however, that the most important thing is to practice and train extensively with the transceiver that you actually own.
Transceiver, Shovel, Probe Sets – if you need to buy an avalanche transceiver, shovel and probe all at the same time, then there are various 3 in 1 packages available – the Mammut Barryvox Package Light is a good option for ski touring. Or if you want to choose separate items, then this is the setup I recommend for most people our our guided touring trips: Mammut Barryvox Transceiver, Mammut Alugator Light Shovel, Arva ALP 240 Probe – see below for more shovel and probe options.
NB The Pieps DSP Sport and Pro models of avalanche transceiver are not allowed on our trips, as they are subject to a recall due to several failures of the mode switch locking mechanism (we’ve also experienced reduced range problems with the DSP Sport model). Likewise, we no longer allow the old Ortovox F1 analogue transceivers, as they have been declared obsolete due to frequency drift and compatibility problems with newer digital transceivers.
Warning – Smart Phone Apps: if you come across a smart phone app claiming to turn your phone into an avalanche transceiver – DO NOT BUY IT, as these do not work! The Canadian Avalanche Foundation looked into them and issued a press release warning people against using them.
SKI TOURING BINDINGS
Most ski tourers and freeriders are now using lightweight pin bindings or hybrid freeride bindings, rather than older style frame touring bindings. There are a number of things you need to know about how these bindings work though and the different types available, in order to choose an appropriate model – so please read our comments carefully and seek some expert advice.
Lightweight Pin Bindings
All lightweight ski touring bindings use a pin system to attach to the boot. This design has been around for over 35 years now – the original Dynafit Low Tech binding is still being made and is used by thousands of ski tourers around the world. The main advantage of pin bindings is a considerable weight saving, as they are up to 1.5kg lighter than frame touring binding designs. Since the original Dynafit patent expired a few years ago, several new designs building on the original have now appeared – many of these are lighter, easier to use, or have improved safety release capabilities.
Hybrid Freeride Bindings
Most recently, a number of hybrid pin binding designs have been developed, which offer lighter weight options for freeriders and those seeking one binding for mixed resort and touring use. Lightweight freeride bindings share features of both pin bindings and alpine downhill bindings; they are not as light as 100% touring pin bindings, but they are more strongly built, offer improved downhill performance and greater convenience for freeriders and mixed use setups.
These developments are making lightweight pin bindings and hybrid freeride bindings the best choice for a majority of backcountry skiers – ie they are no longer the preserve of racers and the ‘weight obsessed’.
Safety Release and TUV Certification
One of the key safety features all ski bindings have is a lateral release function, so that the ski can come off sideways during a twisting fall, or sideways impact etc. On alpine downhill bindings and traditional frame design touring bindings, the lateral release function is at the toe – whereas on most pin bindings and some hybrid freeride bindings the lateral release function is at the heel (apart from Salomon Shift and Fritschi Tecton and Vipec bindings, which have lateral release at the toe).
There is no strong evidence about which system offers the best release capability, as there are numerous different ways you can fall and there is currently no comparative data available for injury rates on different bindings. However, all binding manufacturers are continually looking to improve safety and a number of the latest pin and hybrid binding designs that offer improved lateral release function have been tested and awarded TUV safety certification, so this is a good thing to look out for if you want to prioritise safety release capability in your bindings.
This is especially true if you are the kind of skier who takes regular falls in difficult snow conditions – therefore we don’t recommend buying the very lightest pin bindings, which generally have less sophisticated release mechanisms, unless you are already a proficient and experienced ski tourer (level 3 minimum, preferably level 4-5 on our ski ability levels).
NB We’ve seen many bindings incorrectly set up, or not functioning properly for a whole host of reasons: eg lack of maintenance, changing boots, long term storage, shop servicing(!) etc etc, so binding setup and release function are important things to check before each season and ski trip.
Finally, it’s important to understand that no binding can guarantee to prevent injury in every possible fall and skiing situation, so although injuries are thankfully rare, they can still happen on any binding. Therefore, it’s important to make sure that your bindings are correctly set up, set at an appropriate release value for your weight/height/age and ability and properly serviced with the release mechanisms functioning correctly before each trip.
In order to use pin bindings, you need a pair of compatible ski boots with the appropriate metal pin tech inserts moulded into the toe and heel (you cannot retro fit these to older boots). Nowadays, just about all new touring and freeride boots come with these fitted as standard, but if you have a particularly old pair of boots (ie 15+ years old!), then you may have to upgrade these as well, in order to use pin bindings.
Below we give our opinions on various well established and newer pin binding models currently (or recently) on the market.
Salomon Shift Binding (1.7kg) TUV certified. Popular hybrid freeride binding, designed for mixed resort and backcountry use. A pin toe piece arrangement allows easy and efficient skinning on the ascent; then at the summit, flipping a couple of levers transforms the binding into a regular ‘clip in and ski’ alpine downhill binding for the descent. The binding is ‘multi norm compatible’, so it fits a wide range of boots and at 1.7kg, it is considerably lighter than other freeride bindings that offer the convenience and feel of an alpine downhill binding on the descent.
The Shift 10 and 13 models are suitable for a wide range of skiers, so if you are in the market for a lightweight freeride binding that you can use for resort skiing in alpine boots one week and a La Grave off piste ski holiday the next, then these are a great option for many people. They are also light enough for occasional ski touring holidays too, but they are not really designed for longer tours, where a lighter binding would be preferable. You will also find this binding badged up as the Atomic Shift – it’s the same binding! NB Early versions of the lower DIN setting Shift 10 model that launched last year had a problem with ski retention whilst skinning – this was corrected mid season, so if you are experiencing any problems with a pair of Shift 10’s when skinning, then please contact your retailer for a replacement toepiece.
A note on boot compatibility – Shift bindings are multi norm compatible, but in reality they don’t fit all boots and in particular if your boots have a full rubber sole unit (ie without a plastic anti friction plate under the ball of the foot) then you need to choose very carefully where you buy shift bindings. Buy them from a physical shop and in particular, one that sells a lot of touring boots, so they’ll know how to set up the bindings correctly and tweak your boot soles too if necessary. Fairly obviously, this means you need to take your boots down to the shop when you buy (or courier them to the shop – but make sure you’ve talked through everything in detail with the shop before you do this!)
Marker Kingpin M-Werks (1,24kg). TUV certified. Markers’ updated Kingpin binding combines the lightweight toepiece from their Alpinist binding, with an updated version of the Kingpin heel unit. The result is a 300g weight saving over the original Kingpin, whilst maintaining the same features and performance, plus a few upgrades.
Weighing in at 1240g a pair, the Kingpin M-Werks is a strong competitor against the Frischi Vipec/Tecton and Dynafit Rotation models (details below), for skiers wanting a fully featured lightweight freeride/touring binding with good downhill performance and enhanced safety release.
Fritschi Vipec Evo (1.1kg) Along with it’s big brother the Tecton (see below) this binding has lateral safety release at the toe. TUV certified, the design allows good power transfer during turns, changing from ski to walk mode without removing the ski, ski flex compensation and it has a ‘high din’ lockout mode at the toe (so the ski stays on whilst skinning, but will still release if you get caught in an avalanche whilst skinning) – these are all useful features in a touring binding.
Fritschi Tecton (1.26kg) Also TUV certified, this is a freeride pin binding with an alpine style heel piece, which offers high performance on the descents. The latest version uses carbon reinforced composite construction similar to that used in the Marker bindings.
NB We’ve seen various boot compatibility issues with the latest Fritschi toepieces, so make sure you buy the binding from a retailer that sells a lot of these bindings and always take your boots to the shop, so the staff can check compatibility with your own boots before drilling any skis! Because of these careful setup requirements, currently we recommend buying Fritschi pin bindings from a physical shop – ie we don’t recommend buying them online as part of a mounted ski plus binding package.
Fritschi Toepiece Servicing – In our experience, the toe unit on Fritschi pin bindings does need re greasing from time to time, in order to maintain good lateral release function. You can either do this yourself, or get a shop to do it for you when they service your skis – clearly, you need to take them to a shop who are familiar with this type of binding though!
Marker Alpinist (0.67kg with brakes) A reliable and easy to live with binding, the Alpinist is light, well designed and has a lot of advanced features for it’s weight; they are also very competitively priced (read our review here). NB They come in 3 versions (8, 9 and 12) with different release ranges – horizontal release is fully adjustable, but vertical release is fixed (you can swap to a softer or harder vertical release by swapping out the u shaped heel pin bar – best done by a shop).
Dynafit Superlight 175+ (0.35kg) One of the lightest pin binding available with adjustable safety release tension and brakes (0.52kg incl brakes). If weight saving is your absolute priority, then these are an obvious choice – we’ve used the Superlights a lot for hut to hut ski touring and they’ve proven reliable and a good choice. Like the Marker Alpinist above, horizontal release is fully adjustable and vertical release is varied by changing the heel pin u bar.
ATK R12 (0.66kg with brakes) Fully featured, lightweight free touring bindings from the Italian masters of superlight racing kit. With several new patented features, this is one of the lightest bindings available with fully adjustable vertical and lateral release settings, brakes and a wide mounting pattern for use on 100mm+ skis.
The R10 version has lower 4-10 release values. NB ATK bindings have a patented cam system on the heel pins, which allows fully adjustable vertical release settings and makes them much easier to step into than similar lightweight pin bindings.
ATK FR14 (0.72kg with brakes) If you need extra high release settings, then the ATK FR14 fulfils all your lightweight freeride dreams 🙂 The binding features extra heel support underneath the boot, which provides greater power transmission for aggressive skiing on wider skis.
ATK Crest 8 and 10 (0.56kg with brakes) are more affordable versions of the above – having many of the same features as the Raider models (including the fully adjustable release settings). They are weigh a little less and are designed for use on classic touring skis under 100mm width. The Crest 8 is specifically designed for lighter skiers, offering release values from 3-8, making them suitable for junior ski tourers.
Dynafit Rotation ST (1.25kg) TUV certified. Beefier, more user friendly all-round touring version of the original Dynafit pin binding design. These have a swivel toe piece to improve the release behaviour, which is now TUV safety certified and they come with brakes. These bindings are also available in a lower din range version, which makes them suitable for lighter skiers – both my kids skied on them whilst they were young and I was very impressed with the smooth and reliable release function they offer at this lower range.
Dynafit Radical ST (1.07kg) Back by popular demand! – the reliable Radical binding is back, with some weight saving updates. A good choice if you liked the predecessor model, which I certainly did.
Plum Yak (1.2kg) French pin binding, similar to the original Dynafit bindings but with a few tweaks – they look lovely with all metal construction, come with brakes, the boot heel sits on a platform for stability and they have wider mounting holes for use on 100mm+ skis.
NB The Plum Guide range of lightweight pin bindings are similar to the Dynafit Tourlite Speed bindings – ie less mass – but in addition, the Plum bindings have optional ski brakes available. Plum bindings are not the lightest on the market, but they are well engineered and extremely well made, so if durability is a prime concern, then these could be a good choice.
Marker Kingpin 10 + 13 (1.56Kg) – TUV certified freeride bindings. The original Kingpin is still available – they are solidly built, easy to use and give good ski performance. They weigh in at 1.56kg, which is still quite respectable.
Frame Design Touring Bindings
Frame design touring/freeride bindings work in a similar way to alpine bindings, with the obvious addition of a walk mode, plus various adaptations to make them compatible with freeride and ski mountaineering boots. Once very popular, these bindings have now largely been replaced by lighter weight pin bindings – but many second hand ski touring setups still feature them and they are therefore a good option for starting out in ski touring, which is why we continue to list them below. All of these bindings come with full alpine safety release capabilities. Fritschi are probably the leading brand and have an excellent reputation for reliability. Although they weigh more than pin bindings, these designs are easier to step into and you can use them with alpine downhill boots too, so they are still a good option for resort use, where convenience and compatibility may be a bigger consideration than absolute weight.
All weights are quoted for a pair of bindings with brakes (if available).
Fritschi Eagle 12 (2.0kg) The best selling touring binding on the market for years and with good reason – they work extremely well and are very reliable. Use ski brakes too as a matter of course. NB For for lighter skiers, the Scout 11 model goes down to a DIN release 3 and weighs 1.8kg with brakes.
Fritschi Freeride Pro (2.2kg) Freeride binding – ie a beefed up version of the above, designed to take abuse from a lot of lift based off piste skiing too. These ski really well, are easy to use and very reliable – a good choice if you do mainly resort skiing, with just a bit of touring. Brakes are included in the package.
Marker Duke and Baron (~2.8kg) these are freeride bindings designed for skinning short distances, rather than dedicated ski touring bindings. They are great to ski down on, but not really designed for out and out touring, where the extra weight and design features make them slower and more awkward to use than dedicated touring bindings.
Scott/Salomon Guardian (~2.7kg) a good freeride binding, better designed and more practical for touring on than the Markers. An alternative to Fritschi Freerides if you want a binding primarily for off piste and day touring, that you can also do the odd longer tour on as well. NB These also come badged up as the Atomic Tracker binding.
Marker Tour TR (~2.2Kg) this is a lightened up version of the Duke and Baron, with the same design features. For this reason, we don’t think it makes a good dedicated touring binding, so we’d choose the Fritschi Eagle instead.
BACKCOUNTRY SKI BOOTS
We make no apology for erring to the performance end of the market here – as good, fully custom fitted boots will improve your skiing and enjoyment more than anything else. To start with, go for a full thermofit liner and a custom made footbed straight away – it will always be worth it. After that, foot volume, individual fit and boot weight may well decide your final choice – but we give notes on various favourite models below:
Performance Touring Boots
Ski Touring/Ski Mountaineering boots traditionally have a vibram rubber sole unit with a rocker shape to aid walking and climbing in, as well as skiing in – consequently they are the most popular choice for multiday ski touring. At the performance end of the spectrum, the line between freeride boots and touring boots is becoming more blurred, with a number of high end, lightweight freeride-touring boots now entering the market – we’ve put these boots in the category below for the time being!
We concentrate here on supportive 3 and 4 buckle boots, which are most appropriate for the majority of British Ski Tourers – the good news is that these boots have become considerably lighter in recent years (many now dipping below 3kg a pair, as opposed to 3.6-3.8kg just a few years ago) without any compromise in either fit or ski performance. Walk modes have also improved massively in recent years, thanks to technology from ski mountaineering race boots.
Scott Cosmos Pro (2.8kg) – new out this year, the Cosmos Pro is the new top of the range boot from Scott. With a 101.5mm last, it is medium volume, stiffer and now has adjustable forward lean (in common with Scott’s other new touring boots), so works well for skiers wanting a precise, high performance freeride fit.
Dynafit Hoji Free 110 + 130 (2.9kg) – Dynafit’s top free touring boot is now available in 2 different flex ratings, making it suitable for a wider range of skiers. The Hoji Lock System is super easy to use – genuinely, just 1 lever movement for up/down transitions; like a race boot for convenience and a freeride boot for performance.
Scarpa Maestrale 2.0 (2.8kg) – Scarpa’s top all rounder has been tweaked, with a slightly softer flex and a plusher lining. This model has a relatively low volume fit. The Maestrale RS is a stiffer version of the same and a very popular choice for a wide range of skiers. The Maestrales offer a noticeably wider range of walk motion than other similar boots, so make a good choice for dedicated tourers who do a lot of skinning.
Scarpa Maestrale XT (3.0kg) – an even stiffer version of the Maestrale, providing freeride performance on a touring boot sole unit.
Scott Cosmos Tour (2.8kg) – the Cosmos Tour is another excellent new 4 buckle boot, with a broader 103.5mm last than the Maestrale.
Lange XT3 Tour Pro (3.06kg) – Lange have produced their first ‘touring weight’ freeride boot this season. With a full rubber sole unit, low volume fit, 130 flex and 2 piece construction, these offer ‘alpine downhill boot’ levels of performance in a touring weight boot.
Scott Cosmos (2.9kg) – same shell shape as the Cosmos Tour but made of Pebax, makes the boot slightly softer – but a lot easier on your wallet.
Tecnica Zero G Tour Scout (2.7kg) – even lighter version of the previous Zero G Guide boot. Smooth 120 flex, medium last boot at a much reduced touring weight.
Tecnica Zero G Tour Pro (2.64kg) – top of the range, powerful 130 flex boot, with a medium last and impressively low weight.
Atomic Hawx Ultra XTD120 and XTD130 (3.2kg) – two excellent lightweight versions of the Hawx Ultra freeride boot. With these models, Atomic are finally getting the hang of touring boots – producing a mid volume boot, with a highly customisable fit.
Atomic Hawx Prime XTD110 and XTD130 (2.9kg) – extending their range, Atomic now offer the Hawx XTD in a wider fit called the Prime – producing a medium/high volume boot with a highly customisable fit. The 110 model has a softer, more forgiving flex than the 130.
Regarding inners – foam injection inners are known for giving a precise fit, but they are too cold for ski touring. Instead, go for Scarpa Intuition inners which are the best thermo fit inners on the market at the moment.
Lightweight Touring Boots
Race derived superlight touring boots have now entered the mainstream to cater for keen, good standard ski tourers who want to save as much weight as possible. In general you only get 2 buckles instead of 4, but if you are a good skier, then these boots can perform extremely well and save considerable effort on the climbs. Other useful features gained from their race heritage are very good walk modes and quick lockdown systems for changing over from walk to ski mode and vica versa.
The other important thing to note about this type of boot concerns fitting and making boot modifications. Because they are derived from race boots, many have a lower volume fit and all are made of lightweight materials. This means that shops are sometimes unable (or unwilling) to stretch the shells as much as on regular ski boots – so you need to make sure they fit your feet pretty well out of the box, without requiring extensive stretching or modification to get them to fit. This sort of boot is perfect for a big trip like the Bernese Oberland ski tour, or a week of ski touring in Val Maira and anything in between. They are also Ok for the odd day’s off piste skiing in resort as well, but clearly they are not designed for large amounts of resort based skiing.
Atomic Backland Carbon (2.2kg) – The previously very high volume backland carbon received a complete overhaul, with a new boa buckle design, narrower last and improved liner. With a shell design that allows for stretching in some key areas, this new version is now a good option for a wider range of skiers.
Scarpa F1 EVO (2.4kg) – The most popular lightweight boot on the market, the F1 EVO gives excellent support and all day comfort. The shell does allow for limited stretching in some areas (eg across the ball of the foot) but not everywhere. Personally, I think they are great with up to mid 90’s skis, but wider than 100mm underfoot and they reach their limit.
Scarpa F1 LT (1.98kg) – Scarpa’s Alien race boot shell, beefed up for fast and light ski mountaineering. Lower volume fit, but limited shell modifications possible. The boot allows quick transitions and is very easy to put on and adjust. I’d recommend these for day touring activities and lighter ski setups, rather than multiday tours carrying a heavier pack.
Dalbello Quantum Free 110 and 130 (2.5kg) – New high performance lightweight touring boots from Dalbello. With a 65 degree range of motion, the boots tour very well and also perform on the descents. The stiffer 130 version lends itself towards heavier and more aggressive skiers and the 110 version toward longer tours and/or lighter skiers.
Important Note: All of the lightweight boots above only work with tech bindings that have a standard 2 pin attachment system at the heel (ie you cannot use them with older frame design bindings, or with the Marker Kingpin and Salomon Shift bindings).
Freeride Ski Boots
Freeride boots with Gripwalk sole units offer great support for off piste skiing, but are only really designed for lift assisted and day touring use. They are not so comfortable for walking and skinning long distances in (ie we’ve seen lots of blistered feet coming out of freeride boots on longer multiday hut tours – if you plan on using the boot for multiday tours, then you may be better looking at a dedicated ski mountaineering boot instead). This is an expanding market, with numerous new models available – a few good ones to look at are:
- Salomon Shift Pro 130 AT
- Technica Cochise 120 and 130
- Lange XT3 130 LV
- Dalbello Lupo AX 120
In addition, the Scarpa Maestrale XT and Lange XT3 Tour Pro boots listed in the performance touring boot category above, are both marketed as freeride boots with a full rubber ISO 9523 sole unit; this means they cannot be used with alpine downhill bindings, but they can be used with freeride bindings like the Atomic Shift.
Our advice is visit a shop with a good range of boots and go for the model that gives you the best fit. Of the ones above – the Lange XT3 130 LV gives a low volume fit, the Scarpa XT gives a mid volume fit and the Salomon QST and Dalbello Lupo give a high volume fit.
WOMEN’S BACKCOUNTRY SKI BOOTS
Nowadays there’s pretty much the same choice in women’s backcountry ski boots as men’s, with all of the major manufacturers producing female specific versions of their popular backcountry models. However, finding a shop that stocks a good range for you to try on is often more of a challenge…
NB You’ll be glad to know that the days of ‘shrink it and pink it’ (ie just making smaller versions of men’s gear) are now long gone. The women’s boots are moulded on separately shaped lasts and generally have softer flex properties to cater for lighter weight skiers, but still come with the same features as the men’s boots. Below we’ve highlighted a number of good ones to look at, together with the men’s model that they are equivalent to.
Scarpa Gea + Gea RS (2.6kg) – Good quality ski mountaineering boots specifically moulded for women’s feet. Same construction and performance characteristics as the men’s Maestrale + Maestrale RS boots – see notes above.
Scott Celeste Tour (2.7kg) – High performance women’s ski mountaineering boot in a medium/wide fit – women’s version of the Cosmos Tour – see notes above.
Scarpa F1 WMN (2.0kg) – women’s version of the F1.
Atomic Hawx Ultra XTD 115 W (2.7kg) – womens freeride boot. Essentially this is a comfortable, supportive downhill boot with a good walk mode.
Atomic Hawx Prime XTD 115 W – wider fit version of the Ultra XTD 115 above.
Lange XT3 110 LV W – women’s version of the Lange XT3 130 freeride boot.
Dalbello Lupo AX 105 W (2.4kg) – women’s version of the Lupo AX 120.
SKI TOURING CLOTHING
Just like for other equipment – the best ski touring equipment advice for clothing is to keep the weight down. Light, warm and versatile are the key words to bear in mind when choosing touring clothing – as an average week sees you alternate between carrying clothes in your rucsac on climbs and warm afternoons, to wearing absolutely everything when the weather closes in.
This is a subject in it’s own right, so we’ve written a specific Ski Touring Clothing Advice article for you to look at ski touring clothing choices in more depth.
SKI TOURING CRAMPONS
Very light, alloy framed crampons are available for ski touring which are a great weight saver and suitable for most ‘ski focussed’ tours (eg the Silvretta ski tour). Camp XLC 390 (390g), Camp Skimo Race (310g) and Petzl Leopard LLF’s (320g) are the lightest, but don’t have anti ball plates – Black Diamond Neve’s (576g) are superbly made, nearly as light and come with excellent anti ball plates. With both of these superlight options, don’t go buying a pair of these intending them to be your only set of crampons if you also do technical ski mountaineering – as they were only ever designed for stomping up steep snow.
For more technical ski mountaineering trips (eg the Bernina ski tour) that may involve climbing on icy ground and snowed up rock, then you still need to use good steel crampons. Currently we reckon that Petzl Charlet Vasak’s (842g) are the best all round mountaineering crampons, so these would be a good choice.
The final option is to go for a hybrid steel/alloy crampon, which offers some of the benefits of both – ie a light weight alloy rear half and strong steel front points to deal with occasional rock and ice. The Petzl Irvis Hybrid (540g) and Grivel Haute Route (560g) are two good models to look at in this category – unless you are doing a lot of technical ski mountaineering with specific climbing objectives, these will be suitable for the vast majority of ski tours you are likely to do.
CREVASSE RESCUE KIT
If you are joining a guided trip or course, then 2 prussik loops and a 120cm sling with screwgate carabiner is sufficient.
However, a guide would probably be carrying the following:
- belay device
- 5 screwgate carabiners
- 120cm sling
- spare quickdraw
- 2 ice screws
- 2 prussik loops
- Micro or Nano Triaxion
- Lightweight pulley or DMM Revolver carabiner.
Petzl RAD System
To Quote Petzl: “Complete, ultra-light and compact, the RAD SYSTEM (Rescue And Descent) kit allows skiers on mountain terrain to always have the equipment necessary for crevasse rescue, rappelling, or roping up on skis to traverse a crevasse zone. This kit contains a storage bag, 30 meters of RAD LINE 6 mm specific cordage, carabiners, ascenders and a sling.”
Basically it’s a small bag that weighs just 1 kilo and contains everything you need to either rope up on a glacier, or pull someone out of a crevasse. The haul kit is set up and ready to use inside the bag, so you can just pull it out, attach it to a ski belay and start the rescue immediately. The idea is to have at least 2 kits in a team and ski with them clipped onto your harness constantly at the ready. Costing 200 Euros each, they aren’t cheap – but are pretty good value when you add up the cost of buying all the individual parts.
SKI TOURING HARNESSES
Light and simple are the watchwords here. If you already have a climbing harness, then you can also use it for ski touring too.
However, if you want to save some weight, then there are 2 options: buy a lightweight climbing harness (eg. Petzl Hirundos Harness) or an ultralight, specific ski touring harness, such as the Black Diamond Couloir, Petzl Tour and Petzl Altitude – these are all popular choices.
SKI TOURING ICE AXES
There are a number of extremely light ski touring/ski mountaineering axes on the market – just make sure you go for one with a steel head and avoid the very lightest alloy headed ones (which don’t work very well when you actually swing the tool).
We really rate the various Petzl lightweight axes: the Petzl Glacier Literide (320g) is a popular choice, the Petzl Ride (240g) is even lighter and the Petzl Gully (280g) is pricy, but great for steep descents and use as a second ice tool.
All of these models are 45cm long, allowing them to be stowed safely inside a pack on descents.
Ideally, buy a pair of ski touring specific poles with extra grip down the top half for traversing – but failing that, any pair of normal fixed length ski poles are fine for ski touring, so long as you put some wider baskets on. Alloy poles are more resistant to breakage than carbon ones, so I’d always recommend alloy (I’ve found out the hard way, having broken 3 sets of carbon ones!) – and fixed length poles are always stronger and more reliable than telescopic ones. Currently, our favourite backcountry ski poles are the Black Crows Oxus (strong) and Black Diamond Expedition 2, if you want a telescopic pole.
NB Whatever poles you buy, make sure you have reasonable sized baskets (5cm plus in diameter) for the softer conditions.
230-260cm is a good working length and although carbon fibre models are lightest, they are more flexible than alloy ones and therefore not as easy to use, so I’d recommend an alloy probe for most people. The Black Diamond Tour 240 (300g) and Arva ALP 240 (230g) are both good and well priced models, with a robust and easy to use locking mechanism – we use both of these models ourselves.
SKI TOURING ROPES
It’s common to carry two 30m long, 8mm dynamic ropes in the party – one with the leader and another at the back (in case the leader skis into a crevasse!). Beal market a specific rope of this type called the Randonee, which comes in 30m and 48m lengths. Having said that, many variations occur depending on the type of tour and the obstacles expected – you may see guides carrying everything from 40m of 7mm static cord, to a full weight, full length rope.
SKI TOURING RUCSACS
A 35-40l pack with a u shaped zip opening rather than a lid is the classic touring pack. Other useful features are a close, body hugging fit, ability to carry skis together on the back (like you would carry a snowboard) and as few excess features as possible (though it’s difficult to achieve this without taking a knife to most sacs!)
Day Touring Packs
The Arcteryx Alpha SK 32 weighs 1kg and has an extremely robust, very waterproof design – this is definitely a day touring pack, so you’d struggle to fit everything in it for a multi-day glacier hut to hut tour like the Haute Route for instance.
Our other favourite day touring packs are the Deuter Freerider 30 (1000g), Ortovox Ascent 32 and 30S – these are the same pack, in long and short back lengths. At 1170g they are still light, but well designed with everything in just the right place – with careful packing, you may also be able to use the 32 litre version for European multiday hut touring as well. Another good crossover day touring/mountaineering pack is the Ortovox Peak Light 32 (30S in shorter back length).
Multiday Touring Packs
For multiday hut to hut ski tours in the European Alps you’ll need a slightly bigger pack, but it’s important not to carry too large a pack, as inevitably you end up taking extra ‘non essential’ stuff that weighs you down all week…
35-40l is about right and you can either to go for a dedicated touring pack, or a crossover mountaineering pack that you can also carry skis on.
Four good dedicated touring packs in this size range are the Deuter Freerider Pro 34 + 10, Mammut Nirvana 35 and Ortovox Haute Route 40 and 38 S. Three good lightweight mountaineering packs that work well for ski touring are the Deuter Guide Lite 30+, Ortovox Trad 35, and Mammut Trion Light 38. All these packs are well designed and big enough for multi-day hut tours – each offering slightly different features depending on what range of activities you plan to use the sac for.
AVALANCHE AIRBAG RUCSACS
Avalanche airbag rucsacs have become much more popular in recent years, especially amongst off piste and freeride skiers. More ski tourers are now using them too, but the uptake in this group has been slower – not least because they add extra weight to your pack. The latest designs are getting lighter though, with a number of touring sized packs now available around the 2.5kg mark.
The biggest choice is whether to go for a Gas Powered or an Electric Powered system. The gas powered systems are lighter, but the newest electric systems are now only ~300g heavier and offer a number of significant advantages – the most important being:
- multiple deployments (ie no hesitation whether to ‘pull the trigger’)
- easier recharging after deployment
- no problems flying with them
If you live in the mountains and do all of your skiing locally, then a gas powered system may be a good option – but if you fly to go skiing, or ski in remote areas, then an electric powered system is the best option. Below we describe packs suitable for day touring use and multiday touring.
Day Touring Avalanche Airbag Packs
Each of the following packs are big enough for day touring:
Scott Patrol E1 30 – 2.7Kg Electric Powered. New Alpride designed electric airbag system uses supercapacitors instead of batteries and weighs just 300g more than the lightest gas powered systems, but offers all the advantages of multiple deployments, rechargeability and easy transportation on flights – making it a very attractive option.
Black Diamond Jetforce Tour 26 – 2.6kg Electric Powered. This new pack from BD also uses the Alpride supercapacitor system, offering the same advantages as the Scott pack above – but it’s even lighter, a similar size and also looks a bit better designed.
Ortovox Ascent 28S/30 Avabag – 2.17Kg Gas Powered. One of the lightest airbag rucsacks on the market that’s suitable for technical day touring. Comes with a practice mode, so you can train without deploying the canister each time. Well designed pack, with an interchangeable airbag system, so it can be installed in different packs. Non refillable cartridge, so cannot be taken on flights in North America.
Mammut Light Removable Airbag 3.0 – 2.2kg Gas Powered. 28l usable space. Another very light removable airbag system – can be fitted into any compatible pack, of which there are many. A refillable cartridge (300g heavier than the non refillable one) is also available, which can be filled up in resort (any dive shop or paintball centre can also refill it) – ie makes flying with an empty canister possible in North America.
BCA Float 32 – 2.94kg Gas Powered. The BCA packs are competitively priced and use a refillable gas canister, so have similar advantages to the Mammut system above. The main difference is that the system is fixed permanently into the pack, so you can’t swap it between rucsacs. They also make a 42l version at 3.3kg if you need more space.
Multiday Avalanche Airbag Packs
Each of the following packs are big enough for multi day touring:
Scott Patrol E1 40 – 2.8Kg Electric Powered. New Alpride designed electric airbag system uses supercapacitors instead of batteries and weighs just 300g more than the lightest gas powered systems, but offers all the advantages of multiple deployments, rechargeability and easy transportation on flights – making it a very attractive option.
Black Diamond Jetforce Pro 35 – 3.0kg Electric Powered. New BD electronic airbags are significantly lighter and modular, so you can zip on a smaller 25l or 10l backpack unit for shorter trips. The deployment system on this pack uses a rechargeable battery and fan system to inflate the airbags, allowing multiple deployments per charge and no problems with flying.
Ortovox Ascent 38/40 Avabag – 2.3Kg Gas Powered. Arguably the lightest airbag rucsac on the market that’s suitable for multiday touring. Comes with a practice mode, so you can train without deploying the canister each time. Well designed pack, with an interchangeable airbag system, so it can be installed in different packs. Non refillable cartridge, so cannot be taken on flights in North America.
Mammut Pro X Removable Airbag 3.0 – 2.6kg Gas Powered. 33l usable space, so just doable for lightweight multiday tours. Another very light removable airbag system – can be fitted into any compatible pack, of which there are many. A refillable cartridge (300g heavier than the non refillable one) is also available, which can be filled up in resort (any dive shop or paintball centre can also refill it) – ie makes flying with an empty canister possible in North America.
Arva Reactor 40L – 2.5Kg (with carbon bottle) Gas Powered. Equipped with the Arva Reactor Airbag system, which has a much higher inflation pressure than other systems (ie it’ll definitely inflate properly whilst tumbling through an avalanche!). Well designed pack, with an optional top lid and a good weight for such a large pack.
We only recommend metal bladed shovels, as when digging in real life in hard avalanche debris, plastic blades flex so much that they and are totally ineffective.
The Black Diamond Deploy 3 (565g) is a great metal shovel with a telescopic handle, the Mammut Alugator Light is similar, but slightly smaller and slightly lighter (482g) – and it’s now available in black, gold and pink! We use both of these shovels regularly on our trips and courses and are very happy with them.
SKI TOURING SKINS
Ski touring skins are an essential piece of kit, so it’s worth buying a good pair. Black Diamond, Colltex, G3 and Pomoca are all good, reliable choices – as well as our current favourite, Kohla skins. Their Vertical and Freeride Mixmohair skins are light and reliable options, using their propriety Smart Glue, as are the Peak range which use classic Hot Melt glue.
For European conditions, go for mixed fibre skins – pure mohair skins only glide a little better at non racing speeds, but they wear out 3-4 times faster…
Skins are either sold pre-cut to a particular model of ski, or more commonly they come with a cut-to-fit device.
SKI TOURING HELMETS
Courtesy of Petzl, we now have a safety standard for ski touring helmets. Two of their lightweight mountaineering helmets have this certification, making them suitable (marketable?) for ski touring – the Petzl Meteor (240g) and Petzl Sirocco (170g) both have improved side impact protection, thus making them suitable for ski touring as well as climbing and mountaineering. We use both of these helmets regularly for ski touring – the Meteor has a more durable and adjustable design, the Sirocco is lighter and more minimalist – take your pick.
Please note however, that these helmets do not pass the safety test for resort skiing helmets – so if you want a lightweight helmet you can use for resort skiing too, then look at one of the following:
The Salomom MTN Patrol Helmet is designed specifically for backcountry skiing and passes both the climbing helmet, ski touring helmet and resort skiing helmet safety tests – it’s light at 340g and has two different liners – a winter one with ear flaps incorporated and a summer one without. We’ve used this helmet a lot for skiing and like it, but like all specialist helmets it’s at the upper end of the price scale – you get what you pay for!
Likewise, the Salomon QST Charge Helmet is designed for backcountry skiing, is light at 380g and has adjustable air vents for when it gets warm.
Finally, the new Alpina Snow Tour Helmet at 330g is very light, passes all 3 tests for resort skiing, ski touring and mountaineering and has excellent ventilation. It also comes with a beanie that can be incorporated into the helmet, or worn separately for colder conditions – smart!
SKIS – RESORT AND TOURING
A minefield this one! Here we aim to flag up a few of the best ‘light all mountain skis’ or ‘robust touring skis’ around that deliver good on and off piste performance, without being too heavy for touring – ie for Brits wanting one ski for everything. The great news is that there are now numerous excellent skis in this category for both men and women, so plenty of choice – here are our recommendations:
Elan Ripstick 88 (3.2kg, 130-88-105, 17m radius), Elan Ripstick 96 (3.3kg, 134-96-113, 16m radius) and Elan Ripstick 88 W (2.9kg, 130-88-105, 15m radius) We’ve been super impressed with Elan’s Ripsticks, which have different camber and rocker profiles on their inside and outside edge to improve performance. This makes the skis Left-Right specific, but results in brilliant performance both in resort and out and they are great value too – add that to very respectable weights and you have superb all rounders for resort and touring use. The new Ripstick Tour 94 model adds yet another option into the mix. These are ideal skis for a mix of off piste and ski touring in the Alps and Norway etc – eg trips like our Senja Island ski touring week and our Haute Maurienne off piste skiing holidays.
Black Crows Orb Freebird – (2.93kg* at 178cm, 125-90-112, 15m radius) The new version of this award winning ski is a very different beast from the original – the tip rocker, shorter radius and softer flex making it far easier to ski for a wide range of skiers and therefore a very good allrounder.
Volkl Blaze 94 – (3.14kg at 179cm, 134-94-116, 3 radius sidecut) The Blaze 94 is a very fun and accessible ski – it’s unique 3 radius sidecut allows easy short and long radius turns in a wide variety of different terrain and snow types. Add in the impressively low weight and you have a great one ski quiver for resort and touring use. The women’s version is equally good and is called the Volkl Blaze 94 W.
SKIS – LIGHTWEIGHT TOURING
If saving weight is a consideration, then this is the way to go – again the market is huge, but we’ve flagged up a few of the best wider bodied touring skis that are suitable for all round European Alpine conditions.
A quick note on useage: although these skis are designed for ski touring, we’ve for the most part selected models here that in many conditions ski just as well as resort skis and have a strong and reliable construction, so as long as you’re not totally ragging them, they’re ok for a bit of resort use too – ie fine as a one ski setup with a strong focus on touring.
Starting in the mid 80-90mm range, with my own lightweight pick – the Volkl Rise Above 88 (2.37kg* at 177cm, 131-88-111) features Volkl’s new 3 radius sidecut and performs brilliantly in a wide range of conditions, making it ideal for long, multi day tours and ski mountaineering trips like the Haute Route Ski Tour.
In a similar vein, the Atomic Backland 85 (2.5Kg , 117-85-105, 17m radius) is another great, well priced option that offers excellent performance as a ‘second ski’ setup for long day tours and dedicated touring weeks.
The now classic Salomon MTN Explore 88 (2.6kg* at 177cm, 125-88-111, 18m radius) continues to be a popular, easy turning, lightweight touring ski that’s suitable for a wide variety of conditions, including some skiing around resort. This is a good choice if you are still developing your off piste skills and are looking at coming on a chamonix ski touring course, or a first multi day tour such as the Silvretta ski tour. It’s also available in a womens’ version at shorter lengths too.
Finally, the Elan Ripstick Tour 88 (2.5Kg at 170, 128-88-107, 17m radius) has the same innovative sidecut and rocker profile at the regular Ripsticks, making it very easy to turn and fun to ski, whilst still being very light for longer tours.
In terms of dedicated womens’ touring skis, in addition to the Salomon MTN 88 W womens’ model, the Volkl Rise Above 88 Ws (2.24kg, 131-88-111, 14m radius) and Atomic Backland WMN 85 (117-85-115, 2.0kg, 16m radius) are both womens’ specific versions of the equivalent men’s models – they are incredibly light on the ascents and offer good performance on the descents, making them excellent dedicated touring skis.
Moving up to the 90-100mm width range – the following lightweight touring skis offer more float in softer conditions (or for bigger skiers!), but still keep the weight down:
The excellent Black Crows Camox Freebird (2.9kg at 178cm, 133-96-114) is the most popular model in the Black Crows touring skis line. It has proved to be a very versatile lightweight powder touring ski and a good allrounder – these are an great choice for a wide range of skiers. If in doubt, its best to size up, due to the long tip rocker.
Zag Ubac 95 (2.7kg, 129-95-116, 18.5m radius). Winner of many awards and very popular in France, the Ubac 95 offers durability with excellent all round performance in a wide range of conditions and they’re now available in the Uk! Also available in a women’s version, the Ubac 95 Lady.
Volkl Rise Beyond 96 (2.64Kg, 138-96-119, 17m radius) big brother of the Rise Above 88 and equally well regarded, this impressively light ski is focused on pure touring and delivers brilliant performance in a range of conditions. Women’s version is the Rise Beyond 96 W.
Dynastar M-Tour 99 (2.6kg at 178, 127-97-117, 20m) Developed from the classic, award winning Mythic – M-Tour 99s show more stability at speed, improved edge grip and they just love powder. A great choice for strong, experienced skiers.
NB – Superlight Skis. There are many different models of very light skis available nowadays, but you need to choose extremely carefully in this category, as quite a few are either difficult to ski on and/or not so strongly built (ie thinner edges, bases and sidewalls – these are the most vulnerable parts of the ski).
Depending on materials used and quality of construction, there is definitely a limit to weight saving where both ski performance and strength drop off markedly. We’ve tested, rejected and/or broken numerous superlight skis for one or other of the above reasons. This contrasts markedly with top end off piste and resort skis, which are pretty much all good skis nowadays!
SKIS – WIDE BODIED TOURING
The following are a selection of lightweight, wide bodied touring and freeride skis designed for human powered adventures – eg powder touring, steeps etc.
NB Please note that all of the skis listed in the two categories above are also wide enough to enjoy a great days powder skiing whilst out ski touring in Europe (it’s not that long ago that 90mm underfoot was considered a super specialist powder ski) – ie you don’t need 100mm+ skis all of the time, but you may want to have a pair of wider skis, in order to have as much fun as possible on fresh snow days.
With that in mind then, here are a few of the best lightweight wider bodied touring skis on the market at the moment – in order to convince yourself that you really do need a pair!
Zag Ubac 102 (3.1kg, 136-102-119, 21.5m radius) The brilliant, wider bodied Ubac 102 makes an ideal powder touring tool – being both light on the ascents and great fun on the descents.
Atomic Backland 107 (3.3kg at 182cm, 137-107-124, 18.5m radius) Very light, dedicated powder touring ski with an excellent rocker-camber-rocker profile, gives the Backland 107 great soft snow performance and it’s a friendly, manouevreable ski.
Black Crows Navis Freebird (3.44Kg* at 179cm, 133-102-118, 19m radius) The green backcountry machines – more width and rocker than the Camox Freebird, these skis have a strong following amongst high mountain steeps aficionados.
Black Crows Corvus Freebird (3.65kg* at 176cm, 139-109-122) – New version of the Corvus out this year; yes they are bright pink, yes they are 109mm wide and yes they are awesome! – a top backcountry soft snow ski.
Elan Ripstick 106 (3.5kg, 140-106-122, 20m radius) The award winning Riptick 106 is a superb freeride ski that’s still very light and an acceptable weight for touring on.
Line Vision 108 – (3.2kg at 183cm, 142-108-128) Very versatile, easy handling freeride ski with semi twintip design, using Line’s unique 5 radius sidecut. The big shovel and generous rocker give even more float than you’d expect.